Info Articles > Categories > Animals and Pets > Bird Families, bird names and characteristics of each bird family > Order Passeres - Perching birds > Family Fringillidae: Finches, Sparrows, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Linnets and Crossbills bird information

Family Fringillidae: Finches, Sparrows, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Linnets and Crossbills bird information


Family Fringillidae: Finches, Sparrows, Grosbeaks, Buntings, Linnets and Crossbills bird informationGenerally fine songsters. Bills conical, short, and stout for cracking seeds. Length from five to nine inches, usually under eight inches. This, the largest family of birds that we have (about one-seventh of all our birds belong to it), comprises birds of such varied plumage and habit that, while certain family resemblances may be traced throughout, it is almost impossible to characterize the family as such.

The sparrows are comparatively small gray and brown birds with striped upper parts, lighter underneath. Birds of the ground, or not far from it, elevated perches being chosen for rest and song. Nest in low bushes or on the ground. (Chipping sparrow often selects tall trees.) Coloring adapted to grassy, dusty habitats. Males and females similar. Flight labored. About forty species of sparrows are found in the United States; of these, fourteen may be met with by a novice, and six, at least, surely will be.

The finches and their larger kin are chiefly bright-plumaged birds, the females either duller or distinct from males; bills heavy, dull, and conical, befitting seed eaters. Not so migratory as insectivorous birds nor so restless. Mostly phlegmatic in temperament. Fine songsters.


  • Chipping Sparrow bird information

  • English Sparrow

  • Field Sparrow

  • Fox Sparrow

  • Grasshopper Sparrow

  • Savanna Sparrow

  • Seaside Sparrow

  • Sharp-tailed Sparrow

  • Song Sparrow

  • Swamp Song Sparrow

  • Tree Sparrow

  • Vesper Sparrow

  • White-crowned Sparrow

  • White-throated Sparrow

  • Lapland Longspur

  • Smith's Painted Longspur

  • Pine Siskin (or Finch)

  • Purple Finch

  • Goldfinch

  • Redpoll

  • Greater Redpoll

  • Red Crossbill

  • White-winged Red Crossbill

  • Cardinal Grosbeak

  • Rose-breasted Grosbeak

  • Pine Grosbeak

  • Evening Grosbeak

  • Blue Grosbeak

  • Indigo Bunting

  • Junco

  • Snowflake

  • Chewink